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Types of Wounds

Recognizing Various Types of Wounds

Arterial Ulcers

Arterial ulcers are wounds that develop as a result of decreased circulation. They usually occur on the tips of toes (or between toes), on heels or the outer ankle region. Occasionally, they may be present on other parts of the body.

Diabetic or Neuropathic Ulcers

Diabetic ulcers, also known as neuropathic ulcers, are wounds resulting from a combination of nerve damage, pressure and decreased blood flow. The most common location is on the soles of the feet where weight is borne.

Pressure Ulcers (Bed Sores)

Pressure ulcers, more commonly known as bed sores, are lesions that occur in areas of the body that have experienced prolonged periods of contact or pressure between soft tissue and bony prominences. Left untreated, pressure ulcers can become life-threatening.

Venous Stasis Ulcers

A venous stasis ulcer occurs when problems in the veins of the lower leg prevent blood from being effectively pumped back to the heart. The blood pools in the lower leg, causing swelling, tissue damage and eventually, an open-sore wound. The condition may be a result of valve dysfunction, blockage, backward blood flow or failure of the calf muscles to pump.